As I understand it, when you mmap a file you are basically mapping the pages from the page cache for that file directly into your process, and when you use O_DIRECT you are bypassing the page cache. Does it ever make sense to use the two together? If my understanding is right how would it even work? mmap seems to rely on the file being in the page cache and O_DIRECT seems to prevent it from going there (assuming nothing else on the system has the file open). I found this question but the answerer seems to think it's perfectly normal to do.